Tag Archive: edfounds2011

Assisting Anne…

Anne’s Scenario – Module B

Anne (2)
Anne couldn’t believe her luck when her former school invited her back to fill in a maternity leave position. Seven years on and she is now a permanent teacher at this old private college and about to embark on an overseas exchange for a year. The school has a significant boarder population with students drawn from the city and rural areas. Anne has developed a reputation as a great teacher, with her students achieving high grades and routinely making the top 10% of the state / territory cohort. Similarly her International Baccalaureate students have achieved outstanding results. Anne is looking forward to her travels and is excited about bringing back new ideas from overseas, as well as a little personal travel. Recently Anne’s school has opened a boarding house for rural Aboriginal Students, upon her return Anne will be taking on the role of coordinating this equity initiative. She has enjoyed teaching the students in this program for the last year. While it does entail extra work in preparing work to support the students and after school tutoring, she finds it very rewarding. Anne is hoping to develop some ideas on her study tour of Canada about how to help students from different cultural backgrounds develop empathy and understanding for each other, and learn from each others experiences and ways of viewing the world.

Anne has been learning how to teach students from various cultural backgrounds. At the school she is in she is involved with a mix of cultural heritages and traditions, including the newly established Aboriginal boarding house. Anne wants to understand her students and help them to achieve to the best of their ability.

We use our brain in order to achieve the process of learning. To optimise brain activity Anne should attempt to get her students to use both sides of the brain. Traditionally education in a classroom uses the left side of the brain but it is possible to get coordination between the two hemispheres. This occurs with the use of the corpus callosum which is a bundle of nerves that allows the two sides of the brain to communicate (Kusche 2008).

Image from Kusche, 2008.

As teachers it is important to be aware of possible ways to understand the brain as we are trying to change it and optimise its use in our students everday. This can influence learning techniques in the classroom as well as the different ways in which culture and environment can effect the growth and development of the brain within our students (Sousa, 2006). This brings to light the argument of nature vs nurture, and whether one of these is a greater influence than the other?

Anne, in her travels, is trying to find ways to go beyond the nature of a students culture and try to nurture and teach students to the best of their ability. Anne is searching for new teaching ideas, but also needs to remember, as Churchill states, that because each student is an individual there is no all-purpose method that will motivate all students.  (Churchill p 129).  Anne needs to look at Russian theorist, Vygotsky’s idea of the Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD) which attempts to show the area in which a student can optimise their learning with the help of their teacher.


Vygotsky’s believed that culture and cultural settings could not be overlooked, and that human beings and their behaviours and activities could only be understood while looking through their specific culture (Woolfolk 2010, p 51). Anne’s interest in understanding differing cultural backgrounds shows she is thinking about her students through the lens of Vygotsky’s theory. She understands that culture as well as a student’s interactions with others is important to their cognitive development (Woolfolk 2010). She wants her students to be able to understand and empathise with other traditions and cultures, to help them have a broader and better understanding and picture of the world.

Before Anne worries too much about understanding other cultures I believe she needs to understand and be aware of the culture and cultural setting of her own school. Krause discusses the ides that students from academically selective schools and environments (such as Anne’s) have lower self-esteem and self-concept than students who are educated in schools where this is not the case. Krause talks about this effect being called the ‘big-fish-little-pond effect’. If a student is achieving well in a school where there is no real pressure to achieve and there is not the competition and expectations, then they are likely to have a high level of academic self-concept (Krause 2010).   At Anne’s school there is a great deal of pressure and expectation evident, this comes from the Principal and from the parents of the children, this brings to mind the provocation of- to whom am I accountable? If Anne was able to focus on what was best for her students and their development she could take the pressures and expectations off them. However with high expectation and traditional academic achievement, Anne will perhaps not be able to be the teacher she wants to be???


  • Churchill, Rick  [et al.] (2011)  Teaching Making a Difference. Wiley
  • Krause, K.L. …[et al.] (2010). Social, emotional and moral development (Ch. 3). In Educational psychology for learning and teaching (3rd ed.)(pp. 98-146). Cengage Learning.
  • Kusche, C.A. & Greenberg, M.T. (2008). Brain development and social-emotional learning: an introduction for educators (Ch. 2). In M.J. Elias & H. Arnold (Eds), The educators guide to emotional intelligence and academic achievement (pp. 15-34). Hawker Brownlow Education.
  • Sousa, D.A. (2006) Introduction. In how the brain learns (3rd ed.)(pp. 1-14). Hawker Brownlow Education.
  • Woolfolk, A & Margetts, K. (2010). Physical and cognitive development (Ch. 2). In Educational Psychology (2nd Australian ed.)(pp. 24-80). Pearson Australia.

Hi Phil, these are my two comments for Module A



The knowledge of philosophy and the history of education will help us, as teachers, understand the reason things work the way they do within a specific school environment and will also help us understand the reasons thinks aren’t working the way we thought they might!!

This is a response to Anne’s scenario-

Anne’s school is an ‘old private school’ the school would be steeped in a very old tradition and culture that would have crossed many generations. Anne herself was a student at the school and it would probably have helped her get the job because she was aware of the way the school was run. This environment of a strong heritage in the community can lead to problems within a school, with becoming static and teaching a curriculum as a social product of these traditions. Seddon (2001) discusses the idea of curriculum within these traditional, powerful institutions- ‘…curriculum has implications for the distribution of authority and influence in society’. Schools have the power within a community to determine the level of education that creates an educated person.

We have discussed the concept that education is a Human Right – however to what extent is this accurate? Are we referring here, as discussed in Phil’s notes, that this is the access to some form of education or a choice in the education we get? The programs running at this school are supporting the idea that as a human right we can have a choice within education. They are providing an education centre for many different students including rural students who have probably come from farm land, rural aboriginal students, local students and students wishing to do an International Baccalaureate. Anne’s school from this excerpt does not appear to be abusing their power in society by controlling the curriculum, and instead are offering many opportunities for different students.

The equity initiative that Anne is involved in suggests that the school realises that the issue here is equity of opportunity for indigenous rural students. Equity understands the social justice idea that was also discussed in Phil’s notes that students come from very different backgrounds and different teaching styles and environments, such as more scaffolded learning, will have to be implemented to allow these students to achieve within this school. This also leads on to the social Democratic idea that understands that because students come from various backgrounds and do not start with the same knowledge, some, such as the rural and rural indigenous students attending this school may need more help to create equity.

Many of the rural students probably come from average to high socio-economic backgrounds, from prospering farmland, however their access to education would not have been great unless they had the opportunity to go to a boarding school, as is the case at Anne’s school. The Emerging Themes- National Inquiry into Rural & Remote Education article discusses the fact that there is a long established tradition in Australia for farming and pastoral families to educate their children at home during their primary school years with some support from the government, and then the students are sent to boarding school for secondary education, again with some financial support from the government.

The rural aboriginal students may have come from families that would not be able to access any formal education, therefore it is an important equity initiative that the school is providing. I am going to assume that the school is offering some sort of scholarship program for the rural aboriginal students to attend the boarding school, however it still shows that the families who have applied for the scholarships do value education as they are willing to send their child away from home for months at a time. However this may not be a successful option for many rural indigenous students. In the Emerging Themes article it states that ‘Where boarding is the only option for remote area Indigenous children, such as in the NT, WA, SA and Queensland, it is rarely successful.’ The article then provides evidence from a hearing in Broome about the reasons it is unsuccessful, such as students having difficulty being away from their home, their culture, their language. It also discusses the fact that for indigenous students being away from their cultures and traditions is not good for them and they should be given opportunities to access education in their own area, being instructed in their own dialect, in an environment that will be best for their learning styles. So is this a good solution to education problems within the indigenous population??

There is so much happening within this school- it is clear that Anne’s(and the rest of the staff’s) enthusiasm and extra-curricular involvement and time will be necessary to make all programs successful. I think with this example we are leaning more to the idea of teaching then being a profession as opposed to a trade??